Research on geography, started immediately after the opening of Kharkov University, under its first charter in 1804, the Department of Statistics and Geography of the Russian state. They strengthened with the creation of the historical-philological faculty of the Department of Geography and Ethnography (1884), especially when the department was headed A.M.Krasnov (1889) on the proposal which it was transferred to the Physics and Mathematics Department as physical geography and anthropology. Scientists of the department published dozens of books and textbooks, hundreds of scientific articles and essays, practical guidelines, popular science books and brochures; Research results are regularly submitted to international and national congresses, conferences, symposia, research and teaching seminars.